Ask yourself how the things that are happening in the world today might end up being recorded in the sediments that are now or soon will be deposited.How would today's sediments appear to a geologist millions of years in the future examining outcrops of sedimentary rock that originated in our time?
What can be deduced from our two distinct faunas in terms of their usefulness in the relative dating of rocks?What would the geologist be able to deduce about the world we live in, based on what was left in the strata?Stratigraphy started to become a formal science due to the work of a man who published under the name Nicolaus Steno in the 17th century.These ages have been derived from relative dating and absolute dating (radiometric dating) of rock layers and fossils.(a) Relative Dating This technique uses principles of stratigraphy (rock strata) and the study of fossils (palaeontology) to determine the relative ages of rocks and sediments. Field geologists' rely on a number of simple techniques for dating rocks and constructing geological successions. The Law of Strata Identified by Fossils is a little bit more complex.The laws of physics and chemistry that governed geologic processes in the past are the same as those that govern processes now and in the future.